Mario Bunge Bio – Wiki
Mario Bunge was an Argentine philosopher of science and physicist who was mainly active in Canada. He was born on 21 September 1919 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He died on 25 February 2020.
His mother, Marie Herminie Müser, a German nurse who left Germany just before the beginning of World War I. His father, Augusto Bunge, also of some German descent, was an Argentinian physician and socialist legislator. Mario, who was the couple’s only child, was raised without any religious education and enjoyed a happy and stimulating childhood in the outskirts of Buenos Aires.
Bunge began his studies at the National University of La Plata, graduating with a Ph.D. in physico-mathematical sciences in 1952.
Bunge was a prolific intellectual, having written more than 400 papers and 80 books, notably his monumental Treatise on Basic Philosophy in eight volumes (1974–1989), a comprehensive and rigorous study of those philosophical aspects Bunge takes to be the core of modern philosophy: semantics, ontology, epistemology, philosophy of science and ethics. Here, Bunge develops a comprehensive scientific outlook which he then applies to the various natural and social sciences.
In the political arena, Bunge has defined himself as a “left-wing liberal” and democratic socialist, in the tradition of John Stuart Mill and José Ingenieros.
He is also a supporter of the Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly, an organization that advocates for democratic reform in the United Nations, and the creation of a more accountable international political system.
Popularly, he is known for his remarks considering psychoanalysis as an example of pseudoscience. He has also freely criticized the ideas of well-known scientists and philosophers such as Karl Popper, Richard Dawkins, Stephen Jay Gould, and Daniel Dennett.
In his review of Between Two Worlds: Memoirs of a Philosopher-Scientist, James Alcock sees in Bunge “a man of exceedingly high confidence who has lived his life guided by strong principles about truth, science, and justice” and one who is “[impatient] with muddy thinking.
Mario Bunge has been distinguished with twenty-one honorary doctorates and four honorary professorships by universities from both the Americas and Europe.
Bunge is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) (1984–) and of the Royal Society of Canada (1992–), and he is in the Science Hall of Fame of the AAAS. In 1982 he awarded the Premio Príncipe de Asturias (Prince of Asturias Award), in 2009 the Guggenheim Fellowship, and in 2014 the Ludwig von Bertalanffy Award in Complexity Thinking.
Wife & Children
Bunge had four children: Carlos F. and Mario A. J. (with ex-wife Julia), and Eric R. and Silvia A., with his wife of over 60 years, the Argentinian mathematician Marta Cavallo. Mario lived with Marta in Montreal.
He turned 100 in September 2019 and died in Montreal, Canada on 25 February 2020 at the age of 100.